A Brief History Of Israel-Palestine Violence

A brief history of Israel-Palestine violence:

After 11 days of fighting, a ceasefire has been announced on the 21st of May between the government of Israel and the Palestinian militant group, Hamas. At least 240 people have been killed and more than 1300 injured, most of whom are Palestinians living in the territory of Gaza.


With that in mind, why are they fighting? And for what reason?

1. Root cause of the conflict

To answer these two questions, we have to go back in time to the end of WW1, when Great Britain took control of an area in the Middle East known as Palestine, formerly part of the Ottoman Empire. The site was inhabited by a large Arab population majority and a Jewish minority. The population of the Jewish community constantly grew as WW2 raged on, with many fleeing to the land in the hope of escaping the Holocaust. Tension began to grow not only against British rule but also between Jews and Arabs.

In 1947, following a vote by the United Nations, Palestine was to be split into 2 parts, forming a Jewish and an Arab state with Jerusalem, a sacred site for many religions including Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, becoming an international city. The plan was widely accepted by many Jewish; however, it encountered fierce opposition from the Arabs.

In 1948, British forces left the land, and the Jewish population declared the formation of the state of Israel. A war subsequently broke out between the newly formed state of Israel and Palestine, aided by the support of the surrounding Arab states in the region. After a long period of conflict, Israel now controls most of the land in the Palestine region. Palestine only occupies the Golan Height, West Banks, some parts of Jerusalem, and the Gaza region.

Photo by CHUTTERSNAP on Unsplash

2. What’s happening now

Multiple air raids and rockets have been launched by both sides, both claiming legitimacy to their action. The Israel military is saying their attacks were specifically aimed at facilities belonging to the Hamas militant group while the Hamas militant cites their action as a defense against Israel’s aggression.

So far, the conflict seems to have hit Palestinian lands the hardest, with the Iron Dome system – a defense system from Israel intercepting 90% of the rockets fired by Hamas. With the ever-increasing tension from both sides, stemming from both political and religious differences, further escalations seems just a matter of time.

Photo by Anas Baba/AFP via Getty Images

3. What can we do as teenagers?

While there is not much we can do that will directly influence the conflict, we as teenagers can educate ourselves on the topics and encourage others to do the same. There are multiple sources and news website that cover the conflict in detail, provided below:

In Vietnamese:

Vietcetera: https://vietcetera.com/vn/tom-lai-la-xung-dot-israel-palestine-xoay-quanh-nhung-gi

VnExpress: https://vnexpress.net/nguoi-israel-that-vong-vi-chien-thang-vo-nghia-4282217.html

In English:

BBC: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-57138996

Aljazeera: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/6/26/palestine-and-israel-mapping-an-annexation

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